Tuesday, October 08, 2019

Jahangir (31 August 1569 – 28 October 1627)

Mirza Nur-ud-din Beig Mohammad Khan Salim or Jahangir was born in 1569 A.D, from Akbar's Rajput wife Mariyam-uz-Zamani. As the prince was born with the blessings of Sheikh Salim Chishti so Akbar named him Salim after the name of the saint.

The prince was given the best possible education. Expert tutors taught the prince Persian, Turki, Arabic, Hindi, arithmetic, history, and geography, but he was most influenced by Abdur Rahim Khan Khana, a versatile genius, soldier, and successful diplomat.

In 1583 Akbar offers his sons first experience of running the Mughal Empire. He was a capable general who could plan and lead military campaigns. He successfully suppressed the revolts and conquered Mewar, Kangra and Ahmanagar, etc. Civil war marked the opening and close of the reign of Jahangir.

Jahangir continued his father’s traditions. A war with the Rajput principality of Mewar was ended in 1614 on generous terms. Campaigns against Ahmadnagar, initiated under Akbar’s rule, were continued fitfully, with Mughal arms and diplomacy often thwarted by the able Ḥabshī (slave), Malik ʿAmbār.

Prince Khurram, the future Emperor Shah Jahan, rebelled in the last years of his reign. The efforts of Nur Jahan, Jahangir’s wife, to marginalize him were unsuccessful. Civil war divided the empire for three years until a truce was called in 1625. Jahangir died in Kashmir in 1666. His son Khurram (Shah Jahan) succeeded him.
Jahangir (31 August 1569 – 28 October 1627)
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